Profession sociologue (French Edition)

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  • "sociologue" English translation;
  • Schlafwandler (German Edition).
  • Quelques contributions de Claude Dubar.

For the most part, this involved disciples of Alain Touraine, concerned with making sociology useful. Not all sociologists agree with this notion. How is the validity, the descriptive relevance and the explanatory power of a scholarly concept decided? Through methodical experimentation in accordance with the rules of the profession, or through free debate among researchers?

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Or does it instead depend on the success that our scholarly jargon enjoys among opinion-makers? In any case, it is clear that new shared meanings play an essential role in defining research projects deemed to be relevant and, first and foremost, those that deserve to be funded.

To finish, I would like to compare the two contexts described above: the context of the s and that of the s. We can fairly safely say that Marxism has lost out overall, and that the concepts of social class and state power have been ousted by notions of poverty and exclusion, and even ethnic and religious categories.

I believe that this formulation is altogether inadequate, as it is based on the premise that all this is a simple matter of ideas.

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The dominant form of French urban sociology of the s was born out of the initiative of contenders seeking entry into academia. They were supported by pro-reform engineers who, in the central urban-planning departments of the time, provided them with work; by the same token, the new arrivals could escape the constraints that ordinarily determined admission into the world of science, and in particular the obligation to comply with the wishes of university superiors. This unusual set-up meant that they ignored almost all the literature, but were also able innovate. Their breed of sociology was intended to have an activist basis, and was linked to a social transformation project deemed plausible at the time by this generation that had become radicalized in a mass university that no longer guaranteed them the kinds of secure careers enjoyed by their predecessors.

The questions that they raised concerned the city from the standpoint of the policies implemented by ministries. This was nothing particularly new: the questions of Chombart or Ledrut were also forged through conversations with urban planners and developers, with the aim of improving things gradually. They wanted to challenge the state, but, without realizing it, remained fascinated by the state at the same time.

Urban sociologies that sought to further planning and those that sought to radically criticize it both found themselves cut off from the partners that had enabled them to exist, namely the planners. For this urban planning which, since the aftermath of the Second World War, had been relatively sure of itself under the direction of professionals who had a doctrine, know-how, legitimacy and significant public resources, had begun to collapse under the weight of doctrines and the forces of the neoliberal conservative revolution.

Sociologists there are thus no doubt faced with situations, questions and conversations that are very different from those that prevail in the United Kingdom since Thatcher and Blair, or in the United States since Reagan and Clinton, or in France since Mitterrand. To return to the case of France, the taste for ethnography or urban anthropology, dense descriptions of lifestyles, and questions on the formation of identities have all been fruitful developments. This has resulted in new studies and very new results.

Didier Demazière — Wikipédia

But these trends cannot be separated from a new definition of what things it is relevant to study — a new definition where politics plays key role. However, this should not come as a surprise, as it has always been thus. Finally, let us conclude with a more general hypothesis. It is for this reason that the cities of the social sciences took form in a context of negotiation — sometimes tacit, sometimes explicit — with public practitioners. What is urban sociology in France?

Looking back from the fall of a shooting star In , over two decades after the founding of the Fifth Republic, which had until then been dominated by right-wing governments with no sharing of power, France saw the first electoral victory of the Union de la Gauche Union of the Left, bringing together the French Socialist and Communist Parties. A comparison of contexts To finish, I would like to compare the two contexts described above: the context of the s and that of the s. Bibliography Amiot, Michel.

Burgess, Ernest W. Castel, Robert. Une chronique du salariat , Paris: Fayard.

Manual Profession sociologue (French Edition)

Castells, Manuel and Godard, Francis. Castells, Manuel. Famille et Habitation, vol. Chombart de Lauwe, Paul-Henry. Dubois, Vincent. La Vie au guichet. Fijalkow, Yankel. Grafmeyer, Yves and Joseph, Isaac. Grafmeyer, Yves. Joseph, Isaac. Your rating has been recorded. Write a review Rate this item: Preview this item Preview this item. You can suggest to your library or institution to subscribe to the program OpenEdition Freemium for books.

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Notify me of new posts via email. These representational approaches may revolve around different types of inquiries: — How did shared ideologies such as values, worldviews, and political positions evolve during different historical periods within certain professional circles of the media industry?

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  7. Such trades that would deserve further attention from researchers, to name a few, include television and radio editors; set decorators; proof-readers in the printing industry; readers, agents, and designers in publishing; press correspondents; theatre prompters or leaders of applause; or even crowd-warmers or impresarios… The study of such practices can unearth questions surrounding the nature of the limits of these professions: — What exactly differentiates professional practices from amateur ones in these various domains?

    Testimonials, objects, oral interviews, and many other sources and archives, as well as their presentation in narratives or exhibitions, can effectively be questioned; — Interdisciplinary practices can be gathered — for example, approaches to media professions and professionals through a gender studies or postcolonial studies perspective. Proposal Submissions: Communication proposals may be individual or collective.

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