THE SHROUD OF TURIN AND THE TOMB OF CHRIST
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John And so they took the body of Jesus, and bound it in linen wrappings with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews. The Gospel accounts are all in agreement that the body was wrapped or enfolded. It is important to compare these accounts with John This was the Jewish custom. Even though when Christ was buried they had to hurry because of time, Joseph along with Nicodemus and probably some servants since Joseph was a rich man would have followed the Jewish custom of washing the body and wrapping it in mummy-like fashion with the spices between the folds of the wrappings.
Edersheim, the great biblical scholar and historian, wrote in his monumental work, The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah :. I have tried to combine the account of the Synoptists and that of St John into a continuous narrative p. It is evident that the Gospel writers, Matthew, Mark, and Luke, give us the general statement of the burial.
But John who with Peter went to the empty tomb and saw the results gives us the details of what was done with the linen cloth. The evidence of Scripture makes it clear that Jesus was wrapped in cloth when taken down from the cross. That cloth was torn into strips, and then Jesus was bound with these linen strips, but He was not wrapped with a single piece of cloth like the Shroud. The biblical authors of the Gospel accounts of the burial of the Lord never used two Greek words, kalutto 1 Kings and periballo Gen.
These words were used of garments such as the Shroud.
Their failure to use these words is very significant and provide further evidence against the Shroud. Another problem is that the Shroud proponents admit that its authenticity is dependent upon the body not being washed. This is important for two reasons:. This alleged appearance of dried blood on the Shroud would suggest that the body was not washed. This also would imply that the body was not washed cf.
McDowell, p. It is claimed by proponents of the Shroud that there was not time to wash the body clean with water because of the approaching Sabbath. But this is a weak argument because the Scripture says they still had time to anoint the body with over a hundred pounds of spices. And, in order to anoint the body with the spices, the body, according to Jewish custom, had to be washed.
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Further support for this is the fact that a body could indeed be washed and anointed on the Sabbath according to Jewish law. Many people are not aware of the fact that after the Crusades many different Shrouds circulated throughout medieval Europe at the same time as the Shroud of Turin. Many are still being displayed today McDowell, p.
It is unthinkable that the Apostles and Christians of the first years of Christianity would not mention a cloth bearing the imprint of the crucified and resurrected Savior. The New Testament presents us with the evidences of the risen Christ. If this had occurred, it would have been mentioned with the other evidences such as the appearances of Christ and the description of the linen wrappings in the empty tomb.
The evidence from Scripture and from the facts surrounding the Shroud of Turin in no way support its authenticity. But we do not need it!
The Sudarium of Oviedo
The resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead was:. Acts let it be known to all of you, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ the Nazarene, whom you crucified, whom God raised from the dead-- by this name this man stands here before you in good health. Philip Schaff in his History of the Christian Church has stated it well.
The Christian church rests on the resurrection of its founder. Without this fact the church could never have been born, or if born, it soon would have died a natural death. The miracle of the resurrection and the existence of Christianity are so closely connected that they must stand or fall together. The burial wrappings, however, have been left behind. John describes something he called a "sudarion" rolled up and in a place by itself. This is possibly the Shroud. Also, in that same year, a disciple called Thaddeus or Addai travels from Jerusalem to Edessa miles north of Jerusalem , which is today called Urfa in Eastern Turkey.
He visits the city's ruler, Abgar V, someone Jesus had reportedly been corresponding with. The request comes for Thaddeus to visit to heal Abgar of a disease and convert some of the citizens to Christianity. Thaddeus also brings with him a cloth which has the imprint of a man with Jesus' likeness. At this point in history, the cloth was called "The Cloth of Edessa. His son reverts to paganism, and is responsible for the persecution of the Christians.
The cloth is hidden inside the city's gates to ensure its safety from all the floods for which Edessa was known, or to make sure it is safe from all the persecutions. It is not known why the cloth was hidden away. In the 6th Century, during repair of the walls of Edessa during a Persian invasion, the cloth was rediscovered and placed in a church built for it. To continue on in our journey of the history of the Shroud of Turin, in AD, a manuscript is discovered where it is reported that Joseph of Arimathea, whose tomb Jesus' body was laid in, collected the blood of Jesus in the linen cloth that wrapped his body.
He made note that he retrieved the blood in a headband and in a large sheet. Another major discovery in the history of the Shroud of Turin, occurs around the year AD In the Acts of Thaddeus , it is reported that Jesus wiped His face on a cloth, which was doubled in four and left His image on this cloth. The Shroud of Turin is said by some to be the burial cloth of Jesus and by others a medieval forgery.
The Shroud of Turin and the Resurrection of Christ
Now, a new study using modern forensic techniques suggests the bloodstains on the shroud are completely unrealistic, supporting arguments that it is a fake. On display at the Cathedral of Saint John the Baptist in Turin, Italy, it is one of many shrouds claimed over the centuries to be the one true burial cloth of Jesus. But in , scientists carbon-dated the shroud's origins to between A.
Still, whether or not the shroud is a fake is still a hotly debated question. To help shed light on this controversy, researchers strove to use modern forensic techniques on the shroud.